STIs are bacteria or viruses that rely on a certain kind of skin, known as a mucous membrane. The head of the penis has skin like this, and so do the labia, vagina, and rectum. The inside of the mouth and the throat have the same kind of skin.
So having oral sex can make this skin vulnerable to infection. Oral sex refers to using the mouth to stimulate the penis fellatiothe vagina cunnilingusor the anus anilingus. Here is what we know about the risks of getting or giving an STI during oral sex, and how to protect against it.
There are over 40 strains of HPV that live on mucous membranes, and some lead to an increased risk of cancer many years later. HPV and oral sex. HPV can be passed from person to person during oral sex.
The virus is quite happy to live in the mouth and back of the throat.
If the infection sticks around, it can lead to cancer of the tongue or throat many years later. The vaccine is now recommended for both gals and guys, and the latest one protects against nine strains. Herpes is Gonorrhea oral sexually transmitted diseases second most common STI in the U. There are two types of herpes simplex virus HSV. HSV-1 most commonly causes cold sores around the mouth, and HSV-2 most commonly causes genital herpes.
But these two viruses are not super picky about whether they live in the mouth or genitals—they can hop around. Herpes is most likely to be passed from person to person when there are blisters or sores, but it can be passed when there are no visible blisters or sores too.
There are treatments that keep herpes in check, but there is no way to cure it. Herpes and oral sex. Performing oral sex on a partner with genital herpes can cause oral herpes. Receiving oral sex from a partner with oral herpes can cause genital herpes.
You can use a male or female condom, a natural latex rubber sheet, a dental dam, or cut open a non-lubricated condom. Herpes transmission can also be decreased if the partner with herpes takes a daily prevention medication.
What are gonorrhea and chlamydia? These bacteria are the third most common STIs in the U. Gonorrhea, chlamydia, and oral sex. If you have oral sex with a partner with gonorrhea or chlamydia, you can get a throat infection. Most of the time, gonorrhea in the throat does not cause any symptoms, but sometimes it causes a sore throat similar to a strep throat infection gonoccal pharyngitis.
Chlamydia in the throat rarely causes symptoms. The risk of getting gonorrhea or chlamydia infections in the throat is higher with fellatio than with cunnilingus. You can reduce Gonorrhea oral sexually transmitted diseases risk of gonorrhea and chlamydia transmission during oral sex if you avoid ejaculate in the mouth. Whether or not you have symptoms of either infection in the throat, getting tested and treated, and getting your partner treated will prevent passing the infection back and forth.
There are many treatment options that keep HIV in check, but there is no surefire way to cure it. HIV and oral sex. The riskiest kind of oral sex is for a man with HIV to ejaculate in the mouth Gonorrhea oral sexually transmitted diseases his partner. For a person giving oral sex, his or her risk may be greater when there are sores in the mouth or unhealthy gums.
For a person receiving oral sex, the risk may be greater if there are sores, cuts from shaving around his or her genitals, or another STI in the mix. You can reduce the risk of HIV transmission during oral sex if you avoid ejaculate in the mouth using a condom or withdrawal. If your partner has HIV, you can reduce your risk from any kind of sex, including oral sex, by taking medicines known as pre-exposure prophylaxis PrEP.
Not everyone needs PrEP, but some benefit from it. Check with your health care provider for more information.
If your partner has HIV and takes antiretroviral therapy ART consistently and correctly, the risk of transmission is also lower. She loves working at a teaching hospital and sharing her passion for family planning with learners. French is interested in improving access to reproductive health services in under-served areas, as she herself had difficulty obtaining birth control in college.
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