Urine is the body's liquid waste. It is made by the kidneys, which filters toxins out of the blood. It contains water, salt, urea, and uric acid.
Urea is expelled in the form of sweat through the body, while uric acid is the result of urine metabolism. Changes to urine smell and color offer insight into a person's health, diet, and lifestyle choices.
These choices may contribute to an ammonia smell, but they are not the only causes. Most of the time, this occurrence is nothing to cause alarm.
There are times, however, where ammonia-smelling urine indicates a health problem. Dehydration can cause an ammonia smell. Dehydration occurs when someone fails to drink enough fluids or has a significant fluid loss, due to vomiting or Change in urine odor.
Ammonia odor happens when chemicals in urine are concentrated due to a lack of water. Change in urine odor addition to an ammonia-like odor, another telltale sign of dehydration is bubbles in a person's urine.
And if someone is dehydrated, their urine is dark honey or brown color, rather than a pale yellow or gold. Louis, Missouri, urinary tract infections or UTIs are the most common bacterial infections worldwide, affecting up Change in urine odor million people each year. Additional figures for the United States include These infections are the result of bacteria entering the urinary tract.
The bacteria make urine smell unpleasant and cause it to be cloudy or bloody. Pregnant women have a higher risk than others for UTIs, which increases their chances of having ammonia-smelling urine. One report from the U.
UTIs can cause serious pregnancy complications, including premature labor, low birth weight, and Change in urine odor infections. Hence, pregnant women Change in urine odor let their doctors know if they experience unpleasant-smelling urine, especially if the smell resembles ammonia.
Pregnancy vitamins can also create a smell of ammonia in the urine. Smelly urine from taking vitamins usually goes away after a short time. In the absence of other symptoms, such as pain with urination, cloudy or dark urine color, or unusual frequency of urination, there is usually little reason for concern. But reccurring ammonia odor in pregnancy should still be brought to a doctor's attention.
Menopause can also increase a woman's risk for UTIs and ammonia-smelling odor, resulting from drops in the female hormone estrogen and loss of vaginal flora, which are the normal and healthy bacteria living in the vagina.
Both these changes may cause ammonia-smelling urine. Diet is the most common cause of ammonia-smelling urine in all people. Certain foods, medications, and vitamins can cause changes in urine smell and color.
Asparagus is commonly linked with an ammonia smell, as are large amounts of vitamin Change in urine odor Similarly, foods high in protein can increase urine's acidic properties and cause it to have an ammonia smell. When diet is the cause of ammonia-smelling urine, the odor disappears once a person eliminates food triggers from their diet. Odor caused by something a person has eaten is usually nothing to worry about. Anyone who develops kidney or bladder stones may experience ammonia-smelling urine.
When stones pass through the urinary tract, the risk for UTIs increases and they can cause urine to have an ammonia smell.
Kidney disease causes chemicals in urine to become concentrated and to cause a smell resembling ammonia. Kidney dysfunction can also cause high bacteria and protein levels in the urine, which will contribute to a foul, ammonia smell.
The liver, similarly to the kidneys, is responsible for removing toxins from the body and helping it to digest food. Infections and diseases of the liver can produce high levels of ammonia in the urine and the accompanying pungent odor. Ammonia levels in blood and urine will increase when the liver is not working the way it should. Any continued ammonia odor in urine should be checked by a doctor.
If ammonia-smelling urine occurs every once in a while, it is rarely a reason for concern. However, if ammonia odor is accompanied by pain or symptoms of infection, including feverit is time to see a doctor. Urine is examined for blood, bacteria, and kidney or bladder stone pieces. Usually, urine testing and blood work can help a doctor make a diagnosis. Change in urine odor