Theological virtues are virtues associated in Christian theology and philosophy with salvation resulting from the grace of God. Traditionally they have been named FaithHopeand Charityand can trace their importance in Christian theology to Paul the Apostle in 1 Corinthians 13who also pointed out that charity is the most important. The medieval Catholic philosopher Thomas Aquinas explained that these virtues are called theological virtues "because they have God for their object, both in so far as by them we are properly directed to Him, and Theological virtues catholic they are infused into our souls by God alone, as also, finally, because Theological virtues catholic come to know of them only by Divine revelation in the Sacred Scriptures ".
A person receives the theological virtues by their being "infused"—through Divine grace —into the person.
The first mention in Christian literature of the three theological virtues is in St. Paul's first letter to the Thessalonians 1: In 1 Corinthians 13Paul places the greater emphasis on Charity Love.
Aquinas found an interconnection of practical wisdom prudentia and moral virtue e.
This is frequently termed "the Unity of the Virtues. Aquinas stated that theological virtues are so called "because they have God for their object, both in so far as by them we are properly directed to Him, and because they are infused into Theological virtues catholic souls by God alone, as also, finally, because we come to know of them only by Divine revelation in the Sacred Scriptures".
In his treatment of the virtues, Aquinas viewed the theological virtues as being the product of habitual grace. According to Aquinas, this grace, through the theological virtues, allows humanity to become agents in meritorious action that is beyond their own natural ability.
In this way it is supernatural.
Aquinas says "Faith has the character of a virtue, not because of the things it believes, for faith is of things that appear not, but because it adheres to the testimony of one in whom truth is infallibly found". De Veritate, xiv, 8 .
Aquinas further connected the theological virtues with the cardinal virtues. He views the supernatural inclinations of the theological virtues, caused by habitual grace, to find their fulfillment in being acted upon in the cardinal virtues.
The moral virtues are acquired by practice and habit. Catholic moral theology holds that the theological virtues differ from the cardinal virtues in that they cannot be obtained by human effort, but are infused by God into a person.
Like the cardinal virtues, an individual who exercises these virtues strengthens and increases them, i.
AugustineAquinas also recognized a separate but related type of moral virtue which is also infused by God. The distinction lies both in their source and end.
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The moral virtue of temperance recognizes food as a good that sustains life, but guards against the sin of gluttony. The infused virtue of temperance disposes the individual to practice fasting and abstinence. The infused moral virtues are connected to the theological virtue of Charity.
Theological virtues catholic Benedict XVI wrote three encyclicals about the theological virtues: Deus caritas est about loveSpe salvi about hopeand Lumen fidei about faith: This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Part of a series on Catholic philosophy Aquinas, Scotus, and Ockham.
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Faith, Hope, and Charity: the Three Theological Virtues. Catholicism also traditionally enumerates two sets of virtues: the cardinal virtues, and the theological virtues. These are the virtues by which man relates to God Himself—they are faith, hope, and charity (or love).
Theological virtues in theology and in Christian philosophy are moral characters. In Catholic theology, it is held that these virtues differ from the cardinal virtues. The theological virtues are the foundation of Christian moral activity; they animate it Theological virtues catholic give it its special character.