Bullying has been the subject of worldwide study for over four decades and is widely reported by social media.
Despite this, the issue is a relatively new area of research in Brazil. This study analyzes academic literature addressing bullying produced in Brazil focusing on aspects that characterize this issue as a subtype of violence: Bullying statistics video guiding question of this study was: The results show that over half of the studies used quantitative approaches, principally cross-sectional methods and questionnaires, and focused on determining the prevalence of and factors associated with bullying.
The findings showed a high prevalence of bullying among Brazilian adolescents, an association between risk behavior and bullying, serious consequences for the mental health of young people, lack of awareness Bullying statistics video understanding among adolescents about bullying and its consequences, and a lack of strategies to manage this type of aggression. There is a need for intervention studies, prevention and restorative practices that involve the community and can be applied to everyday life at school.
Adolescence is a time of intense physical, psychological and relational change.
Healthy cognitive, emotional, sexual and psychological development during this period requires a comfortable environment that transmits security, support and protection to the adolescent 1. Depression and suicide account for a significant portion of the increase in morbidity and mortality among adolescents 3.
Bullying Bullying statistics video unwanted, aggressive behavior among school aged children 145. Although this term traverses cultural barriers and is used worldwide by researchers and in dictionaries as a proper noun to indicate actions that go beyond aggression or mistreatment, in Portuguese a word Bullying statistics video adequately encapsulates its full meaning does not exist 4.
In general terms, bullying is defined as a subcategory of violence and is constituted by aggressive repetitive acts and asymmetrical power relations between peers 46 - 8 Bullying statistics video have serious health consequences among adolescents who, apart from having to lead with intense emotional and physical change, seek acceptance among their peers 19.
Dan Olweus 7 does not regard bullying as aggression among peers who have similar physical and emotional characteristics.
Astounding bullying statistics video all porn pics
Although this type of violence occurs within the general community 89bullying is a health problem around the world and involves interaction between individuals in the same context or environment 4such as school, over a long period of time. Researchers have systemized bullying into two forms: Generally, bullying is barely noticeable to adults since it is subtle 710 Cyberbullying, peer violence in virtual settings, is another type of bullying that has been widely studied 12 Bullying statistics video form of bullying has no set location and is more difficult to resolve Bullying statistics video it is generally anonymous, open access and spreads at great speed It is believed that bullying is rooted in social, cultural, economic and historical problemas 4.
Victims generally do not react to aggression, are more insecure, fear rejection and have few friends.
Bullying has been the subject of worldwide study for over four decades and is widely reported by social media 15 - Despite this, the issue is a relatively new area of research in Brazil 91419 - In Brazil, severe cases of bullying involving homicide and suicide have made the headlines and have been widely Bullying statistics video by the media. One such case was the Massacre de Realengo inattributed to an act of revenge for bullying, where an ex-pupil shot and killed 12 children at a school in Rio de Janeiro and then turned the gun on himself Ina youth from Porto Alegre was victim of homicide involving a firearm in a supposed case of bullying 23while inin Bullying statistics video, a girl who was victim of constant bullying was beaten unconscious by another adolescent while others filmed and laughed In other cases of bullying involving legal action, the parents of the bullies have been required to compensate the victim 5.
There is an urgent need to understand and intervene in social problems such as bullying that pose a threat to adolescent health Bullying statistics video.
This integrative review analyzes academic literature addressing bullying produced in Brazil focusing on aspects that characterize this issue as a subtype of violence: The study used the integrative review method, which consists of summarizing and organizing the results of empirical or theoretical literature to obtain a wide and deep understanding of a given topic in order to derive insights that may provide the basis for further Bullying statistics video 25 This literature review was conducted in the following stages: Given the incipient nature of research related to bullying among adolescents, the guiding question of this study was: The literature search was conducted in Bullying statistics video using the following data bases: The following descriptors were used for the respective data bases separated by the Boolean operators and or or: These descriptors were used to refine or widen the search according to the search result.
A time frame was not set in order to obtain unrestricted access to the literature.
A reading of the titles and abstracts of the articles obtained from the searches resulted in a total of 69 Bullying statistics video articles Table 1of which 25 Bullying statistics video in English were selected for comprehensive reading using the following inclusion criteria: The following exclusion criteria were also used: The 25 articles analyzed by this study are presented in chronological order in Chart 1which shows the title, type of study as defined by the authorssample and objective of each study.
Two articles were produced inone intwo inone infive inone insix in andand one in Graph 1 shows the number of articles by type of study. Fourteen studies are quantitative 11 cross-sectional, with only three citing the use of questionnaires ; three are qualitative two use interviews Bullying statistics video one uses participant observation and focus groups ; two are quanti-qualitative both use questionnaires, while one uses free word association and the other uses notes kept in a field journal, interviews and focus groups ; four are bibliographical studies one of which is a systematic literature review ; and two are theoretical studies consisting of a critical analysis of the topic.
The main focus of over half of the articles were correlations and factors associated with bullying, and the investigation and determination of prevalence of bullying. After vertical in-depth reading, the 25 articles were organized into the following topics: In article 11, a study conducted with 60, pupils in 26 state capitals and in the Federal District, 5.
Article 21 revealed that This Bullying statistics video rate is similar to the findings of article 24, which showed that A study conducted with 5, pupils, showed that The Bullying statistics video of article 22 that studied a sample of 1, pupils showed that The different methods of data collection — type of questionnaires used, different sample characteristics number, age, gender, etc.
The lowest Bullying statistics video of bullying was reported by article According to the authors, this was due to the time frame adopted for the occurrence of bullying one monthwhich was chosen to reduce the risk of bias.
On the other hand, the high percentage of victims The high proportion of victims The game allows players to be bullies or victims and choose to attack or defend monitors, teachers and classmates in a school setting.
Although its sale is prohibited Brazil, the game is still sold in the United States Bullying statistics video in some shops in the United Kingdom Bullying was more frequent among boys who had been involved in more serious Bullying statistics video. However, the study suggests that further research is necessary to understand whether bullying is a precursor or consequence of the offences committed by the adolescents The findings of these studies on bullying in Brazil are similar to those of international studies.